The “Champagne” is an effervescent wine from France protected by Protected Designation of Origin. It is called Champagne due to the name of the area of production.
Champagne is made with one of these 3 grape varieties: pinot noir, pinot meunier and chardonnay. This became a symbol of luxury because champagne was during a long time, reserved for celebrations of high-class people. It is also because of it rarity and its only one place of production that champagne became synonym of delicacy, prestige.